Now that the Supreme Court has approved President Trump’s travel ban, what’s next? Trump has argued that the ban is necessary to reassess vetting procedures for immigrants from high-risk countries. With the ban officially in place, the administration must figure out how to best enhance these procedures. It’s not altogether clear what changes need to be made, especially with so many questions surrounding the terrorist threat from abroad. Why do some people find the radical ideology embraced by ISIS and other terror groups so attractive? And what, if anything, can the U.S. do to combat the spread of this ideology?
The Supreme Court ruled that the travel ban on residents and refugees from Libya, Syria, Iran, Somalia, Yemen, and Sudan can continue as planned. However, the court added a caveat to the ban- if a resident has a credible relationship with a person or entity in the U.S., they are allowed entry. Additionally, visas that have already been approved will not be revoked.
The U.S. has some of the strictest vetting procedures for foreign refugees and those seeking to obtain temporary visas. With these already rigorous procedures, it’s somewhat unclear what can be done to make procedures more secure. Those attempting to obtain a visa are subject to extensive background checks conducted by the State Department, National Counterterrorism Center, FBI, etc. Then, they are interviewed by an immigration officer who asks them questions about their home country and the nature of their travel to the U.S. Once the traveler arrives at a U.S. airport, a customs official is able to access all of the information gathered prior to the visa being issued. Travelers are asked more questions, and officials take a second fingerprint to ensure they match. Refugees are subject to an even more stringent process.
The U.S. also has officers stationed in airports around the world. In 2015, these officers determined that 10,648 of the 16 million air travelers to the U.S. were inadmissible. Though the process is stringent, becoming complacent in the way we approach immigration may lead to unintended consequences; not only in the U.S., but around the globe.
For example, the European Union has failed to impose any significant limitations on immigration. In fact, the EU imposes fines on member countries that refuse to accept refugees. However, increasing numbers of refugees and immigrants have caused political and social turmoil in many EU nations. The number of terrorist attacks in Europe seems to have dramatically increased in recent years. London in particular has been subject to these attacks, with several occurring in the span of a few months.
Looking to Europe as a warning, it is apparent that action needs to be taken to enforce our already strict policies, but what can be done? One aspect of the system that desperately needs to be reexamined is the Visa Waiver Program. This program allows citizens from 38 mostly European countries to travel to the U.S. without visas; unless they are also citizens of Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Sudan. Many of the countries included in the waiver are those that are experiencing immigration issues of their own. This program needs to be reformed to ensure that these travelers have legitimate European passports and are not taking advantage of the system.
The process that we use to share information about potentially harmful immigrants may also need to be reformed. The administration needs to find a way to ease the process of sharing information through online databases between different government agencies and officials. Some changes could make it easier to consistently check for national security threats contained in an immigrant’s background.
The controversy surrounding the travel ban raises the question of what has happened to make such stringent procedures necessary. Politicians seek to implement these policies as terrorist groups like ISIS increase in violent activity. Even with such a negative and violent reputation, ISIS has been successful in recruiting efforts, with some people abandoning their home countries to join the group. What causes people to be attracted to ISIS and groups like it?
Part of the ISIS recruiting strategy is its social media presence. Social media advertising convinces young people to celebrate the brutality of ISIS, because online videos depict violence in the style of an action movie. The excitement of these films masks what the real acts of ISIS- torture and brutal murder.
Recently, a shocking number of women have left their home countries to join ISIS. Why this emphasis on recruiting young women? On the surface, ISIS seems to offer many freedoms that appeal to women who live in countries where they are not politically/socially equal to men. Many women feel that joining this group will help their social status. ISIS uses propaganda that makes women feel empowered, and sends the message to them that joining ISIS will let them get revenge on their home countries for holding them back. Such propaganda helps to skew female perspectives, making them believe they are accomplishing social change through senseless acts of violence.
ISIS promises many recruits a better life. Many ISIS recruits live in the Midwest, where their lives may not be fulfilling, and many feel that they will never get out. ISIS offers individuals like this the chance to go on an “adventure.” ISIS promises things to loyal recruits like free housing, gifts, and other amenities. Recruits are given a sense of identity, and embrace the idea that the group is a community that will stick up for them. However, recruits find out the hard way how hurtful this ideology can become.
The U.S. needs to make sure that at-risk recruits are educated about the true nature of ISIS, and have other outlets to help solve their personal problems. Young people need to be educated about the evil acts of ISIS, and how joining the organization could ruin their lives and the lives of their loved ones. ISIS is a group surrounded by much mystery and misleading news coverage, and there needs to be a strong effort to make clear what ISIS stands for. Although to some it may seem self-explanatory, it’s important to remember that not everyone is privy to the same information and some do not understand ISIS’s motives.
Unfortunately, the fight against terror is not an easy one. It will not be fixed by banning travel to our country or shooting missiles at every terror group we find. While these measures are necessary to protect our citizens, we must recognize that this ideology extends far beyond radicals in the middle east. We must educate our families, friends, and children on the evils of radical terrorist groups and help those that might succumb to ISIS’s propaganda.
About the Authors: This article was co-written by Katie Pickle and Chris Reid. Katie is a law clerk at the Reid Law Firm and a 1L student at Emory Law School. She may be reached at Katharine.ReidLawFirm@gmail.com. Mr. Reid is general practice attorney in Birmingham, Alabama. He has worked for Republican leadership in the United State House of Representatives in Washington, D.C., and was a health policy advisor to the governor of Alabama. You can contact him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 205-913-7406. A full description of the Reid Law Firm practice areas is available at www.reidlawalabama.com.